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NRI Taxation

Taxation is an essential aspect of personal finance, whether you are a Resident Indian or a Non-Resident Indian (NRI). However, when you get into the details, you will find that tax rules are different for NRIs. In this article, let’s understand the tax implications for NRIs.

Rules and Clauses

Determining your residential status

Before understanding taxation, let’s get to know who primarily qualifies as an NRI. The Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) has laid down clear rules to determine if a citizen of Indian origin is a Resident Indian or a Non-Resident Indian.
An individual is a resident of India (for tax purposes or otherwise) if:

    • He/she has lived in India for at least 182 days during the financial year


    • He/she has lived in India for at least 60 days of a year, in the previous year, and at least 365 days in the preceding four years.

Where an Indian citizen leaves India in any year for the purpose of employment, or as a member of a crew of an Indian merchant ship, the period of ‘60 days’ is to be replaced by ‘182 days’. Similarly, when an Indian citizen or a person of Indian Origin (PIO) who is abroad coming to visit India, the period of ‘60 days’ is to be replaced by 182 days.
If you satisfy any of the two conditions, you are a Resident Indian. Else, you are deemed a Non-Resident Indian (NRI).

NRI Income Tax

If you reside and work abroad, the NRI income tax you pay will depend on your residential status for the year. If you fit the Resident Indian criteria, your total global income is taxable under Indian tax laws. But if your status for the year is ‘NRI’, only the income earned or accrued in India is taxable.

    The NRI income tax be levied on the following:

  • Salary received for services provided in India (Global Income)
  • Capital gains earned on the transfer of assets located in India
  • Rental income from property owned in India
  • Revenue from Fixed Deposits
  • Interest on Bank Savings Accounts

As an NRI, you can consider using NRI Banking from HDFC Bank for a smooth and hassle-free banking experience.

How to avoid double taxation?

Double taxation occurs when income tax is paid twice on the same source of income. It is not uncommon for NRIs to earn income in two countries. However, NRIs have to pay taxes on the same income in two countries: the country where they draw the revenue, and the country where they hold the citizenship. India has signed a Double Tax Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) with various countries to help NRIs avoid this problem. Nevertheless, to avail this benefit, you need to gather all the necessary documents of tax, paid in India, as proof.

Sum Up

As an NRI, you may want to err on the side of caution when it comes to NRI taxation. The rules for you are slightly different compared to Resident Indians, and in some cases, you may end up paying double tax if you are unaware of the rules. It would be a good idea to understand tax policies and make the most of the tax benefits available to you.
* The information provided in this article is generic in nature and for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for specific advice in your own circumstances. You are recommended to obtain specific professional advice from before you take any/refrain from any action. Tax benefits are subject to changes in tax laws. Please contact your tax consultant for an exact calculation of your tax liabilities.


Tax deduction available for NRI's

NRIs can avail of the tax deductions under Section 80C. Currently, a maximum deduction of up to Rs 1.5 lakh is permissible for tax deductions under the said section.

How to avoid double taxation?

Life insurance premium payment. You can claim tax deductions on your Life Insurance premium payments, provided the policy is in your name, your spouse’s or child’s name. In addition, the premium must be less than 10% of the sum assured for this deduction.

Repayment of principal on loan for the purchase of propertyRepayment of an EMI on a loan taken for acquisition or construction of a residential property is eligible for deduction. This includes registration fees, stamp duty and other expenses.

Children’s tuition payment tuition fees paid to an educational institution such as a school, college or university for full-time education for your children are eligible for deductions. This benefit is applicable for two children at most.

Deductions under Section 80D

As an NRI, you can also claim a deduction on premium paid for Health Insurance under Section 80D of the Income Tax Act, 1961. This is available for premiums paid up to Rs 25,000 on insurance paid for self, spouse and dependent children. In case of senior citizens, this amount increases to Rs 50,000.


Any Indian if stayed in overseas or work there then there is no need to pay tax in India however, if get income from Indian business or any other source then, it is mandatory to pay tax in India.

NRI must pay income tax as per the guidelines.

10.0 lakhs- 12.5 lakhs – 20% tax rate

12.5 lakh – 15.0 lakhs – 25% tax rate

Above 15 lakhs – 30% tax rate.

A non- resident person is required to fill ITR Form – 2 to pay their returns.

NRI must file returns, if in case of age, if age is exceeds to 65 and your income is above 2.5 lakh you should pay Income Tax.


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